CRA (Community Risk Assessment) is a participatory process for assessing hazards, vulnerabilities, risks, ability to cope, preparing coping strategies and finally preparing a risk reduction options implementation plan by the local community. CRA uses scientific information and predictions and participatory discourses to identify, analyse and evaluate risk environment of a particular community, reach consensus amongst the community on actions that are needed to manage the risk environment.
The method recognizes that the vulnerability, loss, reduction or mitigation strategy and coping mechanism vary from community to community and group to group (women, person with disability, landless, farmers‐Fisher folks, etc) of a same community.
So it ensures representation of professional, community and other groups and that their points of view s are reflected. CRA encourages community participants to respect others’ concerns. A Flowchart below shows the CRA process sequentially.
In the backdrop of World Disaster Reduction Campaign on Making Cities Resilient, Plan Bangladesh and Islamic Relief Worldwide under the DIPECHO-V South Asia Plan have taken initiative in the urban areas of Bangladesh to prepare community and institutions for disaster risks. This facilitator guidebook on urban risk assessment is an attempt to bring science, institutions and society together to address the challenges posed by natural and human induced hazards to the city.
The guidebook tries to scale down the urban risk assessment process from city to community level and vice-versa to encourage practitioners, government agencies, private sector and institutions such as school, hospitals, community based organizations, youth group, and children’s organization to prepare for any disaster event.