Concern Worldwide

Overview

A low-lying country with more than 230 waterways, Bangladesh is one of the most disaster-prone nations in the world. Due to its geographic location, Bangladesh is regularly experiencing natural hazards namely, floods, cyclones, storm surges, droughts, tornadoes, river-bank erosions and earthquake. It has a long history of seismic tremors. Fifteen per cent of its land floods annually on average. In 2004 that figure reached 34 per cent and in 2007 two floods and a cyclone together killed 4,000 people and caused economic losses of about $3 billion. When such events occur water-borne diseases and mass internal displacements are inevitable consequences. Natural disasters disrupt the nation’s food supply and decimate the livelihoods of the many Bangladeshis who work in agriculture. Besides triggering flooding, severe weather frequently causes environmental damage by eroding riverbanks, directly affecting 100,000 people every year. Poor town planning, overcrowding and weak infrastructure amplifies the threat of disasters to urban communities, particularly in cities vulnerable to earthquakes.

Experience of Concern in DRR

Concern implemented the ‘Disaster Risk Reduction approach in areas prone to climate change in Bangladesh’ project, from 2006 - 2010. The project addresses key hazards in the coastal zone (cyclones), Haor (flash floods) and char (seasonal floods). This ‘research to advocacy’ project into community based disaster risk reduction (CBDRR), set out to determine what is ‘best practice’, and to collect lessons that can be applied for improving DRR interventions. The evidence-based knowledge has been applied to influencing the wider DRR community, the government (local and national), other NGOs and the wider international DRR community, such as for:

  • Activation of the Disaster Management Committees at the union and Upazila level
  • Development of Local Disaster Action Plans and union profiles
  • Community Groups are a voluntary informal organization at the community level to link up to the government disaster management system and address local disaster management
  • Capacity building through community sessions
  • Risk assessments done at the community level, which need to include specific vulnerability and capacity assessments
  • Comprehensive homestead raising, multi-sectorial approach to resilience
  • The loose bonded brick protection wall
  • Agricultural resilience, especially salt tolerance (coast) and early maturing rice varieties (char and Haor)
  • Integrated forestry and protection (Haor) which could be replicable if there are community based nurseries
  • Coastal plantations (coastal) which could be replicable if government agrees to secure benefit provision and land tenure, and there are community based nurseries

The DIPECHO VI project (March 2011 – December 2012), implemented under the NARRI Alliance with seven other INGOs, contributed to Concern’s DRR strategy in two ways:

Dipecho VII - “Building a Disaster Resilient Bangladesh” project (April 2013- September 2014)

Purpose:

To promote standardized DIPECHO rural CBDRR model with a focus on inclusion and replication through integration into DRR instruments and development programs.

DIPECHO PROGRAM SUMMARY

Name and Address of Agency:

Concern Worldwide Bangladesh Programme
House # 15 SW (D), Road No. 7, Gulshan-1, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh

Name of Program:

 

DIPECHO-VII Action Plan-South Asia

Programme Location:

Country: Bangladesh
Districts: Sirajganj District (as part of the NARRI consortium initiative)
And Chapai Nawabganj, Rajshahi, Pabna, Lalmonirhat, Kishoreganj  in2013/14 + Sunamganj  and Habiganj  Districts in 2014 (for mainstreaming DRR in Char and Haor Contexts)  
Upazilas  : 14
Unions: 32

Goal and Immediate Objective

Goal: To Contribute to building a disaster resilient Bangladesh

Immediate objective: To increase resilience and promote a culture of risk reduction among communities and institutions vulnerable to natural hazards in Bangladesh.

Expected Outputs:

  1. A rural CBDRR model is scaled up and replicated through integration into development planning and implementation processes in DIPECHO-VII target areas and Char and Haor contextual programs of Concern WorldWide.
  2. Effective linkages established, systems and structures strengthened at national and sub-national level for effective DRR humanitarian interventions
  3. Implementation of DM policy framework is enhanced by strong coordination and evidence based advocacy to MoDM&R and MoLGRD&C

Target group(s):

Primary target group(s): DMCs of 8 Districts, 17 Upazillas, 34 Unions, 306 Ward members and vulnerable communities with target no of beneficiaries of approximately 102,000

No of Indirect Beneficiaries: 305,000

Name of Local NGO Partners:

  • Gono Kalyan Sangstha (GKS) in Sirajganj
  • ASOD, ASSEDO,BOSS,GBUS,JSKS,OVA,SNKS & UDPS in the Chapai, Lalmanihat ,Rajshahi and Pabna
  • VARD, FIVBD,PBK in Sunamganj ,Kishorganj and Habiganj

Programme Cost:

For DIPECHO-VII- Total Budget:    €  339,830
Expected ECHO Contribution: €  288,855.73
Concern Worldwide contribution:   €  50,974.54

To mainstreaming DRR in Char and Haor Contexts: €  150,00

Programme Duration:

Length of Programme:       18 months
Start Date:                                 March 2013
End Date:                                  August 2014

Targeted Beneficiaries and Areas

The wider objective of this project, as agreed by NARRI is to increase resilience and promote a culture of risk reduction among communities and institutions vulnerable to natural hazards in Bangladesh. More specifically, to enhance capacity of community and relevant stakeholders, establish effective linkages, strengthen DRR systems and structure and replicate DRR initiatives for effective disaster risk reduction across the project area.

Working Area and project participants- DIPECHO-VII

DIPECHO-VII project area under the NARRI consortium initiative


District

Upazilla

Union

Sirajganj

Belkuchi

Rajapur

Belkuchi

Bordhul

Sirajganj Sadar

Kaliaharipur

Sirajganj Sadar

Mesra

Kazipur ( replication area)

Chargirish

Natuarpara

NB: Under DIPECHO VI, a total of 20 villages were targeted in the above four unions. Scale up will take place within the existing unions to other villages.

Replication of the Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRR) Model working area and project participants

Based on the successful DRR models and processes implemented in previous DIPECHO cycles by different NARRI agencies, Concern will facilitate the replication process within other contextual programmes, such as the Char and the Haor. As mentioned earlier, funds have been secured from another donor to support this process. However, limited funds will be used for technical assistance under DIPECHO VII, which will be provided from the DIPECHO team to replicate the DIPECHO model and process.

Working Area (replication in contextual program)


District

Upazila

Union

Char Areas

Chapai Nawabganj

Shibganj

Paka

Durlavpur

Sadar

Narayanpur

Alatuli

Rajshahi

Godagari

Char Ashariadoha

Bagha

Gorgori

Pakuria

Monikgram

Pabna

Sadar

Hemayetpur

Varara

Bera

Dhalar Char

Ruppur

Haturia-Nakalia

Nutun Bharabga

Masumdia

Puran Bharanga

Lalmonirhat

Sadar

Kulaghat

Mogolhat

Rajpur

Aditmari

Mohiskhocha

Kaliganj

Votmari

Hatibandha

Dauabari

Patikapara

Sindurna

Haor Area

Kishorganj

Itna

TBD- 2 unions

Sunamgonj

Dormopahsa 3500

In 2014

Habiganj

TBD

In 2014

In Char areas the model will be replicated in 24 unions, seven Upazillas in 4 districts covering 216  Wards as mentioned in the table above. In Haor areas, the replication will be carried out in 2 unions in one Upazilla of Kishorganj district due to constraints of the funds in Haor projects. However, depending on funds availability, DRR activities will be scaled up in Sunamgonj and Habigong districts in 2014

Figure: Char & Haor areas for contextual DRR replication

Gallery

Contact us

NARRI Consortium Secretariat
House# 19, Road # 128, Gulshan-1, Dhaka-1212

Phone:  +88 02 9888006 , 8832452, Fax:9896137
Web: www.narri-bd.org