Guideline

Oxfam GB under the DIPECHO V action plan has been implementing the project “Building Community Resilience to Floods in Central Region of Bangladesh” supported by ECHO since July 2010.

In order to provide clear-cut direction to the implementation team, bringing consistency and quality in implementation across three project districts, detailed operational plan and guidelines have been prepared for all the key interventions both in English and Bangla version and provided to each of the team member for ready reference along with a thorough orientation. This document is a compilation of all the project implementation guidelines and operational plan as part of project documentation, which would be shared widely for sharing, learning and future replication. 

Key Words: Children, Risk Assessment, CBDRM, Rural

Abstract: Child centered disaster risk reduction (CCDRR) is a process to strengthen communities resilience. CCDRR complements the Child Centered Community Development (CCCD) which is a driving vehicle for community development. This guidebook has been developed for Plan Bangladesh staff, child activists and community based organizations and other non-government organizations as well. The first part of the guidebook serves as a reference material about the CCDRR.

The second part of the guidebook is about the application of CCDRR where discussion will be done on work process. The facilitator should be competent not only in terms of concept and theory but at the same time he/she should have oral and written communication skills. Facilitator should undergo Training of Trainer (TOT) on basics of disaster risk reduction before facilitating the CCDRR.


Key Word: Urban, Risk Assessment, Guide

Abstract: In the backdrop of World Disaster Reduction Campaign on Making Cities Resilient, Plan Bangladesh and Islamic Relief Worldwide under the DIPECHO-V South Asia Plan have taken initiative in the urban areas of Bangladesh to prepare community and institutions for disaster risks with Technical Support from ADPC and Handicap International.

This facilitator guidebook on urban risk assessment is an attempt to bring science, institutions and society together to address the challenges posed by natural and human induced hazards to the city. The guidebook tries to scale down the urban risk assessment process from city to community level and vice-versa to encourage practitioners, government agencies, private sector and institutions such as school, hospitals, community based organizations, youth group, and children�s organization to prepare for any disaster event.


Key works: CDMP, Children, Community Risk Assessment

Abstract: Within the framework of Community Risk Assessment (CRA), this document tries to review the content, approach, steps, tools and techniques of Child Inclusive CRA (CICRA) from children‘s perspective to assist INGOs in Bangladesh. This document provides the summary of CRA where it discusses about the approach, benefits, steps, tools and target groups that have been captured in developing CRA.

It also provides the rationale and objectives for fusing the Child Inclusivity Approach into CRA and advocates incorporating education, health, protection and WASH related issues into the main framework of DRR. This document also tries to capture children‘s vulnerability in two different age groups (0-6 and 7-15) and how the existing CRA document will be reviewed within the canvass of Child inclusive, what will be the approach for CICRA, what steps/tools/techniques will be adopted for CICRA and how the tools can be piloted, this document gives a summary to address above mentioned issues.

Reference Book on Mass Casualty Management

Key word: Hospital Safety, Mass Casualty Management

Due to geographical location Bangladesh has been facing several devastating natural disasters and is prone to cyclones, tornadoes, flood, tidal-waves, and even earthquakes. In the recent years, Bangladesh also has experienced number of devastating disasters, such as landslide, building collapse, fire outbreak, terrorist attack etc. Some disasters may overwhelm the capacity of the hospital and its resources.

Hospitals have a significant role to play in emergencies, disasters and mass casualty incident. This "Reference Book on Mass Casualty Management" will help to enhance the knowledge in managing mass casualties aiming with reducing the number of death, disability and sufferings of the affected people. The Reference Book also gives a guideline on Mass Casualty Incident and describes its goal from initial management perspectives.

This Book has been developed and published by the “Technical Committee” which has been formed by the Directorate Health Services, Bangladesh Government in collaboration with ActionAid Bangladesh and European Commission Directorate General for Humanitarian Aid (DG ECHO).


Guidelines for Hospital Contingency Plan

Key words: Hospital Safety, Mass Casualty Management, Hospital Contingency Plan

Hospitals play a leading role in managing the injured during any kind of disasters. But it is also very likely that the hospitals, its staffs can also be affected in the disaster. The hospital building may even completely or partially collapse and this may break down the utility connections like water, electricity, gas supply etc. of the hospital. Communications may be disrupted among the staffs and the authorities of the hospital. Thus to ensure proper health care facilities of the affected population a Hospital Contingency Plan is very much essential during any disaster.


This Guidelines for Hospital Contingency Plan has been developed and published by the “Technical Committee” which has been formed by the Directorate Health Services, Bangladesh Government in collaboration with ActionAid Bangladesh and European Commission Directorate General for Humanitarian Aid (DG ECHO). It has been contextualized and developed based on the WHO Hospital Contingency Plan.


Guidelines for Mass Casualty Management Drill

Key words: Hospital Safety, Mass Casualty Management, Hospital Drill, Guidelines for Hospital Drill

Hospitals always are to play remarkable role in reducing the impacts and risks from various disasters on the lives of people. Thus, it is undoubtedly felt that Hospital based disaster preparedness plan and mass casualty management drills are very effective tools to ensure proper running of the hospitals to provide maximum support to the victims and hereby reducing the impact of any disaster.

Mass Casualty Management Drill Guideline has thus been produced to assist the hospitals in conducting the drills by themselves.This Guidelines for Hospital Contingency Plan has been developed and published by the “Technical Committee” which has been formed by the Directorate Health Services, Bangladesh Government in collaboration with ActionAid Bangladesh and European Commission Directorate General for Humanitarian Aid (DG ECHO).


A Guidebook on Earthquake Preparedness and Fire Safety Drill in Garment Factories.

Key words: Earthquake Preparedness and Fire Safety Drill in Garment Factories, Safety of Garment Factory

The capital city Dhaka is considered as one of the most vulnerable cities given increasing rates of unplanned urbanization and rampant industrialization. One of the sectors that have persistently exacerbated the threat to people in Dhaka is the Ready-made Garment factory. At present Dhaka houses thousands of garment factories. The workers, owing to their rural upbringing, are heedless to adequate safety standards. Regular mock drills, however, is drawing more popularity among garments workers and are one of the most effective tools to create awareness among garments workers in a very short span of time. Sensing this opportunity, ActionAid Bangladesh under the DIPECHO V project funded by the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection Department—in collaboration with the Fire Service and Civil Defence Department of Bangladesh and the Safety Cell of Bangladesh Garments Manufacturers and Exporters Association—formulated “A Guidebook on Earthquake Preparedness and Fire Safety Drill in Garment Factories.” Apart from imparting the concepts of fire and earthquake drills, the guideline encompasses various technical and operational issues pertaining to the topic. This guidebook will benefit factory managements, laborers and others striving to achieve safety in garment factories. The apex body of garment sector, Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA) and the Garment factory will be able to conduct the drills following this guidebook.

Mass Casualty Management


Promoting Mass Casualty Incident Management and Hospital Safety

Key words: Mass Casualty Management, Hospital Disaster Preparedness, Hospital Safety
Some natural disasters like cyclones, floods and volcanoes hospitals are likely to receive advance warning and be able to activate their disaster plan before the event. For other natural disasters, such as earthquakes and landslides, and many man-made disasters such as chemical plant explosions, industrial accidents, building collapses and acts of terrorism do not provide advance warning. Quick response is one of the key objectives and a significant yardstick of success of effective mass casualty management during pre and hospital phase of disaster management. This requires special attention due to the vital functions hospitals and emergency responders perform. The hospital preparedness for disasters is a dynamic process and plays crucial role in easy mobilization of the staff, bed, equipments and supplies in a safe environment during any mass casualty or mass gathering incidents. Therefore, strengthening the capacity of casualty medical officers, hospital managers and surgeons on basics of mass casualty management is essential for any hospital’s better disaster preparedness and effective response to the patients to avoid the situation of a secondary disaster.

ActionAid Bangladesh has developed a comprehensive approach to promote Mass Casualty Incident Management and Hospital Safety. So far, AAB played the lead role to develop   mass casualty management system and hospital contingency plan in Bangladesh. Since, DIPECHO started in 2007; AAB has implemented a series of initiatives to make hospital’s better disaster preparedness and more effective in response.

School Safety Plan


Culture of Safety in Schools

Key words: Culture of School Safety, Disaster Risk Reduction through Schools

School safety and preparedness should become mandatory for each school which will allow students, teachers and management committee to bring Culture of Safety in schools. At the national level, disaster management and education sector can play greater role in ensuring mainstreaming disaster risk reduction orientation into educational programs and projects. Development partners and donors along with policy makers can emphasize the importance of school safety through allocating budget for preparedness and mitigation.

This research work is an attempt to define culture of safety in schools and develop framework for that to highlight the linkage between child‟s right and disaster risk reduction. It also brings in to the investigation to understand the global initiatives on school safety and way forward for Bangladesh. The research work also develops the indicators of culture of safety in terms of safety audit, safer construction and education in emergencies.

Community Mobilization Strategy


The principle objective of the DIPECHO project is to support strategies that enable local communities and institutions in Netrakona and Sylhet to better prepare for mitigation and respond adequately to natural disasters by enhancing their capacities to cope and respond, thereby increasing their resilience and reducing vulnerability; the two working areas fall under Sylhet and Dhaka Divisions respectively. This community mobilization strategy ensured that the principle is followed throughout the project.

CVG Manual


The current fifth DIPECHO action plan has tried to involve Communities (with special focus of women) in the project with the vision to develop a strong, diverse and trained volunteer workforce who could deliver disaster risk reduction measures at community level. The communities are generally committed and passionate when they believe in something and if they believe in the disaster risk reduction, they are likely to become a life long volunteer.

At the same time developing linkages within three primary social institutions covered under the project; community groups, religious places and schools provided to be useful tool to organize and sustain their efforts at local level. This facilitator’s guidebook has been developed considering the roles of the community volunteer groups so that they can make an impact on the community regarding DRR.

School Safety Plans

 


For building resilience of communities to disasters, HFA recognizes the vital role of school. So, through specific workshops with the school disaster management committees, school safety plans were produced in several schools in DIPECHO working areas by IRW, and these school safety plans have developed a specific training manual and guidelines after reviewing and validating the existing templates in Bangladesh.

 

Later one this guideline has been used to develop the preparedness plans in the three schools of the targeted areas. These plans have addressed all aspects of preparedness and disaster response with regard to earthquake and flood.

Media Toolkit


The role of the media in Disaster Risk Management (DRM) was acknowledged in the World Conference on Disaster Reduction held in Kobe, Japan in 2005 and also in the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA), which emphasizes information and education as ways to build disaster resilient communities across the Globe. In addition to reporting on disasters and providing key information on what has happened and what is being done to address the crisis, the media has taken on an increasingly important role in disseminating early warning messages and promoting preparedness measures at local and national levels, as well as advocating for stronger policy frameworks on disaster management. Bangladesh is a country that is intrinsically associated with natural disaster due to its geographical vulnerability. As a result of this geography, Bangladesh frequently suffers from devastating floods, cyclones and storm surges, tornadoes, riverbank erosion, and drought as well as constituting a very high-risk location for devastating seismic activity. In this context, the Bangladeshi media has a mandate to not only report on disasters and climate change but also to contribute to building safer communities through creating general awareness on disaster preparedness, highlighting and promoting good practices on disaster risk management, and continuously advocating for the strengthening of policies on Disaster Risk Management (DRM) and their effective implementation. Media coverage on Disaster and Disaster Risk Management in Bangladesh has already proved to have "a great significance in the areas of policy support and community awareness"; yet more efforts need to be made in order to ensure greater responsiveness of policy-makers and turn awareness into community and government action.

As part of raising awareness and knowledge levels on Disaster Risk Management in the country, and towards achieving the Hyogo Framework for Action objective of making DRR a national priority, the DPB have built a strong relationship with the Bangladeshi media, both printed and electronic. The strong linkages between the DPB and the media also highlighted informational gaps on both sides and corresponding capacity-building needs. On the one hand, it was felt that NGOs would benefit from a greater understanding of the type of information that the media requires in order to adequately cover disaster situations. On the other hand, the media professionals were interested in strengthening their knowledge on disaster risk management to provide a more holistic coverage of the disaster issue not only during but also before and after a disaster. The development of this Media Toolkit fills the purpose of addressing the latter.

The aim of the Media toolkit is to provide media professionals in Bangladesh with essential information on Disaster Risk Management with an emphasis on the Bangladeshi context. The objectives are two-fold: not only should the Media Toolkit increase the awareness of the media on the crucial role that it ought to play in Disaster Risk Management but the kit should also provide media professionals with the tools and instruments to perform this role effectively.

The Media Toolkit has been developed by a panel of DRM experts in consultation with media professionals and will be used as reference material for capacity building of Bangladesh media personnel at both national and sub-national levels. The toolkit builds on resources already available and in particular regional resources with a stronger resonance in the Bangladeshi context. The Media Toolkit is an evolving document and will be updated in future DIPECHO funding cycles to ensure that the information contained remains accurate and valid.

  Media Toolkit Document Type & Size
Toolkit - Bangla Media Toolkit (Bangla Version)
The aim of the Media toolkit is to provide media professionals in Bangladesh with essential information on Disaster Risk Management with an emphasis on the Bangladeshi context. The objectives are two-fold: not only should the Media Toolkit increase the awareness of the media on the crucial role that it ought to play in Disaster Risk Management but the kit should also provide media professionals with the tools and instruments to perform this role effectively.
Type: PDF
Size: 2.74 MB
toolkit - English Media Toolkit (English Version)
The aim of the Media toolkit is to provide media professionals in Bangladesh with essential information on Disaster Risk Management with an emphasis on the Bangladeshi context. The objectives are two-fold: not only should the Media Toolkit increase the awareness of the media on the crucial role that it ought to play in Disaster Risk Management but the kit should also provide media professionals with the tools and instruments to perform this role effectively.
Type: PDF
Size: 2.52 MB

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